1776: Abigail Adams writes “Remember the Ladies” * 1794: Whiskey Rebellion * 1800: Gabriel Prosser’s Rebellion * 1800s: Prison reforms * 1800s: Indian Reservations * 1800s: Indian Territory * 1810-1828: Expansion of electorate * 1811: St. Josephs Rebellion * 1820: Missouri Compromise * 1820-1880: Cult of Domesticity * 1820s: Lowell System * 1821: Emma Willard founded Troy Female Seminary in NY * 1823: Horace Mann advocated universal public education * 1830: Removal Act of 1830 * 1830: Godey’s Lady’s Book * 1830s: Abolitionism * 1831: Nat Turners Rebellion * 1834: Factory Girls Association 1838-1839: Trail of Tears * 1840s: Brook Farm * 1842: Dorthea Dix advocated hospitals for the insane * 1848: Seneca Falls Convention * 1850: Fugitive Slave Act * 1650s-1860s: slave codes The antebellum period experienced many vast social changes. Many of the changes occurred within three main groups: African Americans, women, and Indians. During the era, blacks experienced the same oppression they had for years before, but, new ideas of abolition also began to arise. As seen through the many rebellions and revolts of the age, many people were eager for change.
As ideas of freedom began to arise, ideas of slavery were also being strengthened. Although many northerners were open to the idea of equality, most southerners (who were most often slave owners) were strongly opposed. Another group that experienced social change during the era was women. Women had long been an oppressed group of society. During the antebellum period women began to have ideas of equality, especially due to the increased support of abolitionism. Women began to meet discussing their rights, as shown through the Seneca Falls Convention.
One of the final groups who experienced change throughout the era was the Native Americans. The Native Americans had experienced struggles with the Americans ever since their arrival. During the period they experienced even deeper oppression, as shown through the formation of Indian territories and reservations. Instead of dealing with the Indians, the Americans just pushed them farther West into lands set off specifically for them. Overall the era underwent many social changes, some beneficiary while others harmful.
Many reforms aimed to benefit the country began to take place as well. Nationalism: The social changes during the period brought about a new, stronger sense of nationalism. The desire to make America into a better, more equal society brought many people closer together. It also increased the sense of pride people felt for their country. The pursuit for universal public advocated a better educated and closer knit society of Americans. Sectionalism: Apart from nationalism, social changes also brought about a stricter sense of sectionalism.
Due to the support of slavery verse the support of freedom, the North and South suffered deeper sectional divisions than ever. States started to become torn over the idea of supporting slavery or not. Many people also became torn over the idea of what to do with the Indians. While almost everyone agreed they should push them west, not everyone agreed what they should do with them once they were out there. Finally, the issue of the role a woman should play in society also divided many people. In the future America would struggle with the divisions caused by social changes during the antebellum period.