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Benjamin Netanyahu was born on 21 October 1949 in Tel Aviv, he is the son of the famous historian Benzion Netanyahu. He mainly lived in Tel Aviv during his adolescence and early teen years. Mr. Netanyahu attended high school in the United States because his father was relocated there to conduct research. After finishing high school Mr. Netanyahu relocated back to Israel and joined the Israel Defense Force (IDF), and served in the elite commando unit, Sayeret Matkal. During his time in the Sayeret Matkal he took part in many operations, highlighted by the 1972 hostage rescue of a high-jacked Sabena airplane.

He was cited for outstanding operational leadership during the crisis by the late Major General Motta Gur. During the Yom Kippur War in 1973 he fought on the front line taking part in Special Forces raids. After the Kippur War he was honorably discharged from the IDF with the rank of captain (Britannica, “Benjamin Netanyahu). Mr. Netanyahu educational achievements include a Bachelor’s of Science degree in architecture and a Master of Science degree in business management from MIT.

He also studied political science at MIT and Harvard University. During the years between 1976 – 1982 Mr. Netanyahu worked in the private sector with the Boston Consulting Group, and then as a senior manager for Rim Industries Ltd (Britannica, “Benjamin Netanyahu). After his foray into the private sector Mr. Netanyahu entered politics in late 1982 assuming the position of deputy chief of mission at the Israeli Embassy in Washington, DC. While he was serving as the Israel’s ambassador to the UN, a position he was appointed to in 1984.

Mr. Netanyahu was known as a tireless champion of bringing Israel’s cause to the international community’s attention, as evidenced by his efforts to declassify the United Nations archive on crimes committed by Nazi Germany during WWII. Mr. Netanyahu has held several political position highlighted by being elected Prime Minister of Israel in 1996, a position he currently holds today (Britannica). Besides being our only true ally in the Middle East, Israel stands out because I believe they hold the key to worldwide peace.

Led by the leadership Mr. Netanyahu, Israel has had a hard stance on Iran not obtaining a nuclear weapon; in turn if Iran ever became nuclear it would turn the Middle East along with the world into chaos. The current President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has shown several times his fervor to “wipe Israel of the map” (Britannica, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad). With other Middle Eastern countries sharing similar hatred for Israel and the United States, Israel’s presents in the Middle East becomes all the more important towards the War on Terrorism.

When Mr. Netanyahu explained so eloquently and effective during a United Nation briefing in September of 2012, at what stage we cannot let Iran get, to obtaining a nuclear weapon. He has brought awareness to the average person who may not normally pay attention to Middle Eastern politics. His speech will go down as one of the great speeches in the history of the United Nation. During his time as Prime Minister Mr. Netanyahu has implemented an aggressive intelligence surveillance program of Iran and other Middle Eastern countries.

This intelligence has allowed not only Israel but other allies to keep a close eye on Iran and other Middle Eastern countries nuclear programs. Israeli intelligence has thwarted several terrorist attacks against Israeli and the United States. During the Afghanistan war Israeli intelligence led by the leadership of Mr. Netanyahu bought awareness to several high value Al Qaeda and Taliban targets. Mr. Netanyahu stands out in history because of his hard stance on what has been called by United States the greatest threat to world peace, Terrorism and a nuclear Iran (Post).

Without a sovereign partner like Israel in the Middle East, the United States would literally flying blind in the ongoing War on Terrorism. Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak had been a key associate to Benjamin Netanyahu for over 40 years. The two men first met in the 1970’s when Mr. Barak was Mr. Netanyahu commander during his time in the elite Sayeret Matkal commando unit. When Mr. Netanyahu was elected prime minister of Israel in 1996 he reached out to Mr. Barak by appointing him as Israeli Defense Minister, a position he currently holds today.

Because Mr. Barak is a well-known and respected figure in the international community, he has allowed Mr. Netanyahu hard line stance on Middle Eastern politics to be more accepted by the international community. As a point man to the United States, the Obama administration embraced him as a moderating influence on Netanyahu’s hardline policies toward the Arab world and Iran’s nuclear program. Mr. Netanyahu and Mr. Barak have disagreed on a few issues such as Mr. Barak position that Israel should defer to the U. S. n deciding whether to attack Iran should sanctions fail to deter Tehran from attaining a nuclear bomb, but overall they have had a solid and effective partnership (Heller). Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has been a stanch critique of Mr. Netanyahu policies towards Iran and the Middle East, he has stated his main goal was to “wipe Israel the map” (Britannica, “Benjamin Netanyahu). Mr. Ahmadinejad has been president of Iran since 2005, he leads a nation that sponsors terrorist activity and constantly threatens world peace. After Mr.

Netanyahu made his famous speech at the United Nations in September of 2012 describing Iran’s nuclear intention, Mr. Ahmadinejad took time to mock his drawing of a bomb prop, calling it “childish” (Dareini). Benjamin Netanyahu was born in Tel Aviv in 1949. Tel Aviv is located in central west Israel on the coastline of the Mediterranean. With a population of over 405,000 people consisting mostly of Jewish citizens it is the most populous city in Israel. Today, greater Tel Aviv includes a number of suburbs like Holon, PetachTikvah, Bat Yam, Bene Barak and Ramat Gan, so that the greater Tel Aviv community has 1. million people. Originally founded by the Jewish community in 1909, Tel Aviv eventually expanded to engulf the ancient port city of Jaffe. Jaffe is famous for its association with the story of the prophet Jonah. During the Crusades in the 11 and 12 century Jaffe was a launching point for crusaders on their attempt to recapture Jerusalem from the Saracens. Tel Aviv was the first all Jewish city in the world when it was founded. Tel Aviv has 544 active synagogues highlighted by the Great Synagogue founded 1930’s, this synagogues is one of the biggest in the world.

Tel Aviv has been the site of many suicide attacks because of the Arab-Israeli conflict (Razin). Tel Aviv Tel Aviv Currently the Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu operates out of the capital of Israel, Jerusalem. Around 1738 BCE, Abraham the founding father of the Jewish people was sent by God to Israel. After arriving in Israel, Abraham went to Jerusalem where he received a blessing from King Melchizedek. In 866 BCE King David established Jerusalem as the capitol city of Israel. King Solomon, King Melchizedek’s son built the first Temple in Jerusalem in 825 BCE.

The Temple stood for 400 years until being destroyed by the Babylonians in 425 BCE. In 352 BCE the temple was rebuilt in Jerusalem, this temple also stood for about 400 years before being destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE. Jews ruled Jerusalem until being expelled by Christians in 312 BCE, after that it became not only illegal to practice Judaism in Israel, but Christians also made it illegal for Jews to live there. Umar ibn al-Khattab the great Arab leader captured Jerusalem in around 638 BCE and allowed Jewish people to return to the city, however he did build several mosques atop Judaism’s holiest site the Temple Mount.

In 1099 CE the Christians defeated the Saracens, recapturing Jerusalem and in the process killing all the Jews in Jerusalem. Once again in 1187 the Saracens led by the great Muslim leader Saladin recaptured Jerusalem and allowed Jews to return to the city while allowing many Christians on the eastern side of the city to stay. A rabbi by the name of Ramban built the first synagogue in the city in over 150 years in 1267. In 1517 the Turkish Empire conquered Israel and Jerusalem and ruled for over 400 years until the end of WWI when the British conquered it.

In 1948 Israel fought and won the War of Independence, but it lost Jerusalem to Jordanian forces. In the spring of 1967, the Arab countries that surround Israel were planning to attack and destroy the Jewish state. However, they suffered defeat and Israel won the war in just six days. On June 7, 1967 after almost 2,000 years Jerusalem was united and the Old City of Jerusalem was once again the capital of the Jewish homeland (Razin). Since 2010, successive Israeli governments have taken a neo-liberal approach to social and economic policy, steadily yet significantly reducing the budgets for social services.

The result has been a marked decline both in the quality and quantity of the range of services offered to the Israeli public, with a sharp rise in poverty levels and economic inequality. In general, the social gaps in Israel fall along ethnic and national lines, a division that heightens existing tensions in society: the weakest fifth of the population is comprised mostly of Arabs and ultra-Orthodox Jews, with the remainder including a high proportion of elderly people and single parent families.

Relative gaps continue to exist and in some cases even to widen between Jews of European and of African/Asian descent, and between new immigrants (Dagan-Buzaglo). Israel’s level of economic inequality is one of the highest among developed countries. In 2011, Israel was ranked fifth in unequal income distribution among the 34 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, with the United States ranking fourth and Chile ranking first. Israel’s level of economic inequality is a remarkable 22% higher than the average in OECD countries.

One in every four residents in Israel lives below the poverty line, more than twice the average of Western countries Israel has the second highest poverty rate among OECD countries. The national budget for education is consistently under-funded over the last decade, 250,000 hours of classroom instruction have been cut, with only 100,000 of those hours returned over the past two years. Israeli expenditure per student in primary school is 36% lower than the average in OECD countries $5146 per student per year, compared with $8070 in developed countries.

Since the National Health Insurance Law was enacted in 1994, the basket of medical services provided to Israeli citizens has steadily deteriorated, since there is no mechanism in place for regular updates of the basket. Today, Israel is ranked 25th among OECD countries (Finance). Benjamin Netanyahu at the UN in September of 2012 Benjamin Netanyahu with President Obama Benjamin Netanyahu is a great Prime Minister and a man who has attempted to make peace, but even he realizes that it may be next to impossible for this to even happen.

The primary reason is that there is some who really believe Israel does not have a right to exist in Israel, much less anywhere else. Israel is a small piece of land but has great significance to the Jewish people, as well as the Christian people. Israel has a right to defend themselves, I was very proud of this man for once again stating the obvious at the UN. I have to wonder if the world has gone deaf and refuse to acknowledge Israel’s right to live in peace. Most people want peace but we all realize there are those who refuse to make peace, no matter what.

Mr. Netanyahu has had a tremendous influence on keeping peace in the Middle East which in turn has kept worldwide peace. One could argue that the United States hardline policy against terrorist is a direct reflection taken by Benjamin Netanyahu and Israel’s hardline stance on terrorist, since Israel has been dealing with terrorist groups since its inception in 1948 as a Jewish state. With the recent vote at the UN to recognize Palestine as a state, there is no doubt that Mr. Netanyahu job has of keeping peace in the Middle East has gotten tougher. Mr. Netanyahu has had a long and distinguished career and has been a champion for Israel’s rights as a Jewish state and world peace. Currently he is up for reelection in 2013 and faces a semi tough bid to get reelected against some hardline candidates from the Likud Party (Federman). Hopefully Mr. Netanyahu will get reelected and continue his policies toward keeping Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon.

Bibliography

Britannica, Encyclop?dia. “Benjamin Netanyahu. 1 March 2012. 02 11 2012 ;http://www. britannica. com. proxy. campbell. edu/EBchecked/topic/409922/Benjamin-Netanyahu;. —. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. March 2012. 4 11 2012 ;http://www. britannica. com. proxy. campbell. edu/EBchecked/topic/1090612/Mahmoud-Ahmadinejad;. Dagan-Buzaglo, Noga. “Social Rights in Israel. ” Adva Center (207): 11-50. Dareini, Ali Akbar. Tranathon. 2 October 2012. 29 11 2012 ;http://www. huffingtonpost. com/2012/10/02/ahmadinejad-netanyahu-un-bomb-prop_n_1932783. html;. Federman, Josef. “Israel Election. ” Huff Post World 27 November 2012: 1. Finance, The Ministry of. Israel: A Resilient Global Economy. 13 September 2012. 13 11 2012 ;http://www. investinisrael. gov. il/NR/exeres/75A535CF-BCC7-4A06-9E24-88EAC7

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