Climate Change and Food Production Every day citizens throughout the world go to the grocery stores in order to purchase food for their families at a reasonable price but lately these prices have been increasing which has been affecting many of people around the globe. The agriculture industry and we citizens are being hit hard by these temperatures. One of the major reasons for these increasing prices is the increasing temperatures that are gradually rising each year.
Over the last 50 years our climate has progressively began to get warmer and warmer as scientists call it “Global Warming. ” Climatologists believe that this increase temperature has already and is going to cause more major problems in our society as the years go on. The increases of the mean temperatures among the globe are caused by greenhouse gasses. These gasses such as CO2 are damaging the atmosphere and not allowing heat to escape which is similar to the “Greenhouse effect”.
Global warming is something that we cannot take lightly and need to understand because ultimately we as citizens are the ones who could be affected in the end. Thus the increasing climate change and the rise of global warming is negatively affecting food production and hurting our society. For some people the increase in temperatures in the summers and winters are enjoyable because it seems like winter is becoming shorter and summer is staying here a little longer but for the farmers in the agricultural industry these temperatures are hurting their crops. Many crop yields are delicately dependent on a particular mix of temperatures, soil conditions and rainfall patterns that could be disrupted by global warming” (Human Perspectives p. 143). This excerpt out of the Human Perspective and Environmental Issue explains that crops are starting to become damaged due to the inconsistency of growing conditions and the warming climate.
In an article produced out of Cornell University in New York it explains the negative effects global warming is having on crops in the area “the facilities, marketing, and financial well-being of most farm families in the NE is currently structured around crops and varieties adapted to our current relatively cool climate. Examples of these include winter wheat, sugar maple, apples, concord grapes, and cool season-adapted vegetable crops such as potatoes and cabbage. ”(Wolfe p. 2).
In North America the conditions for growing are going to be suited more for a cooler climate than somewhere in the southern hemisphere which is why climate change is really effecting farming in this area. The warm temperatures are causing an early flowering for some of these crops and it is throwing their growing cycle off track “Farmers can adapt to this problem by switching to longer growing season varieties when available, but suitable new varieties may not always be available, or there may be problems marketing the new varieties” (Wolfe p. 3).
This explains that even though there are ways to adapt to these growing issues, it will still put a strain on farmers and ultimately decrease their production. The problems and the strains that these farmers are starting to go through is a major issue for not only themselves but for their families and for the rest of the world. As the population keeps increasing, food has to as well and it is not easy to keep with when the climate is not cooperating. As we know global warming is already affecting crops around the world but it is also distressing the livestock that these farmers are producing.
The agricultural industry is again being hurt by that “Climate change will affect dairy, poultry, and other livestock industries indirectly by its impact on the availability and price of crops used for animal feed, such as corn silage and corn grain” (Wolfe. P. 5). This is another major concern because it shows that every aspect of the agricultural industry works together to produce quality goods and when one portion is affected than the rest of it will be too.
Climate change also can affect livestock in a more direct way by that it “would be negatively affected by summer temperatures that cause stress to the animals. Heat stress in dairy cattle can have a long-term effect (weeks to months) on both milk production and birthing rates” (Wolfe. P. 5). This again is another negative outcome of the increasing temperatures we are experiencing. When our farming industries are not able to produce efficient amounts of food, our society and the people who contribute to it are the ones who it’s going to have an effect on.
Climate change and global warming is negatively affecting our agricultural industry through crops and livestock which ultimately affects our society in an economical way. The warm temperatures are inhibiting growth and reducing production which is causing the price of certain foods to increase. “Over 2 billion tons of grains are produced yearly for food and feed, providing roughly two-thirds of total direct and indirect protein intake… Resource management is key to achieve current production levels” (Tubiello p. 2).
This is demonstrating that we need our resources to be in peak production shape in order to provide for everyone in this world. “If the mid-latitude continental dryness materializes, the world’s “breadbasket” (such as the Canadian Prairies, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan in Asia) would suffer a 50% drop in grain productivity” (Human Perspective p. 143). As the climate starts to increase its temperature the major grain producers in the world are going to be hit extremely hard which will ultimately mean an increase in price of grain.
Global warming has already had a major affect on the agricultural industry and because of the high temperatures it has lead to economic problems within this industry and society. As the price of grain as well as other foods starts to increase, it is going to affect the people in our society in a negative way. “These production and price changes are likely to affect the number of people with insufficient resources to purchase adequate amounts of food” (Parry P. 2133).
People around the world are already starting and are going to start to go hungry as “the impacts are being felt most keenly in developing countries, according to the research, where damage to agricultural production from extreme weather linked to climate change is contributing to deaths from malnutrition, poverty and their associated diseases”(Harvey). Global warming is also going to have an economical affect on the farmers who produce these products for a living.
They are going to have to invest in new machinery and new technology in order to keep up with the climate change and keep their growing cycles on track. “Farmers might need to irrigate previously rain-fed areas, cool vulnerable livestock, and manage new or more numerous pests” (Impacts of Global Warming). This again is going to put stress on the farmers economically because all this extra work is going to cost money and as the climate continues to increase this could be even more devastating to the families of these farmers as well as the rest of society.
Global warming and climate change is something that is affecting everyone in this world no matter what your profession is or what your lifestyle may be. The increasing temperatures are something that we feel but not everyone believes it is something that can harm us because we enjoy the long summers and the short winters. Global warming is a product of man-made emissions from cars and factories that is hurting our ecosystems especially our agricultural industry.
Our crops and livestock are being indirectly and directly affected by these increases in temperature which are ultimately causing problems within society in an economical way. Everyone is being affected by the increase in prices due to the shortage of food supply especially those who live in poor countries who cannot afford the increase. The farmers are spending more money on technology and more effort in their daily lives to keep their product healthy and growing. We need to understand that everyone is affected from global warming not just the people in the food industry but the people that buy and eat the food.