In the world today, corruption and integrity are widespread issues that plaque many countries around the world. Many countries have to face the possibility of government officials misusing their governmental powers for other purposes. “What constitutes illegal corruption may differ depending on the country or jurisdiction. Certain political practices may be legal in one place and illegal in another. In some countries, government officials have wide or not well defined powers.
The line between legal and illegal can be very difficult to draw. ” (Political corruption-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) The two most corrupt countries in the world are Bangladesh and Chad. The first impression by the public and media is that the people of Bangladesh view corruption as a natural way of life. The police of Bangladesh are viewed as the most corrupt. The department of land, customs, and the department of taxation, the bureaucracy, and the judiciary are also considered to be corrupt.
The primary responsibility for the corruption of Bangladesh lies within the hands of the government officials. Chad, along with Bangladesh is rated among the nations for the worst corruption. “The government’s cash squeeze suggests that misappropriation of public resources is continuing apace. Normal budget accounting is nonexistent, and bank officials cannot understand how the government can be broke, especially because it has directly received some of the oil money, about $38 million, for its general budget.
Allowing the government to take money from the London escrow fund might only invite further waste and would set a terrible precedent for future projects in the oil and mining sector, bank official’s fear, by signaling that such “ring-fencing” arrangements don’t work. ” (Paul Bluestein, Washington Post) The two least corrupt countries in the world are Iceland and Finland. The geographical status and a small population are some factors that play a part in corruption not being a presence in these countries.
These factors are more prevalent in other larger nations with a diversified economy and a more complicated administrative system. There are situations occurring in Iceland that can raise the perception for businesses to engage in corruption activities. Finland has been ranked for years as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. The presence of corruption in this country is considerably low. “However astonishing it may be, according to international studies the prominence of women in political decision-making and in higher public offices correlates with low corruption levels.
Finland has been for a long time, along with Nordic Countries, a pioneer of gender equality. ” (Office of The Prosecutor General) Bangladesh and Chad both are known for activities involved in corruption. This can be due to poor governance. Governance is the system of manner of the government. Bangladesh and Chad are also two of the poorest countries in the world. Bangladesh and Chad have a widespread of corruption due to low wages paid to civil servants. Both countries face bribes and the misuse of power. Corruption continues to threaten the development of these two countries.
Iceland and Finland are two countries that are considered to be Nordic countries. Nordic countries run budget surpluses and have known low levels of public indebtedness. These governments do not waste valuable time on corruption, because they invest heavily within education, infrastructure, and in the broad array of social services. Unlike Bangladesh and Chad, good governance is present within Finland and Iceland. The trend for corruption is very much alive in both Bangladesh and Chad. “As a social process, therefore, corruption is everywhere in Bangladesh.
It is present, for instance, in the process of political patronage, and/or the socio-political institutional arrangement called a patron-client relationship, through which public resources are appropriated by a select group of people, usually described as elites; it is visible in economic exchanges such as the process of rent-seeking which (regulatory requirements by) public servants impose on players in the market: also known as ghoosh or bribe; it is visible and invisible in a host of activities which range from outright bribery to more subtle forms of patronage or persuasion such as tadbir, from underhand deals involving vast sums of money at the national and international levels, to petty, everyday baksheesh which the doorman at a bureaucrat’s office extracts in order to perform his normal duties. ” (Zahuddin and Haque.
Corruption in Bangladesh. An Analytical and Sociological Study) The main cause of the trend for corruption in Chad is oil. The oil that is produced in Chad is the main source of revenue for this country. Yet, this country is still poor. Many of the civic groups feel that oil wealth will be taken by the rich, warp the economy, and strengthen repression. There is not a trend of corruption present in Finland and Chad. Some officials feel that there will always be a possibility of corruption. There have been some known cases of corruption in both of these countries.
The major difference between these four countries is corruption and integrity. Within the two poorest countries in the world, corruption is viewed as a way of life. The corruption is seen within the government, the legislative, and the judiciary. The problem in Chad is that the president wants to stay in power longer than what is constituted. The country of Chad is trying to pay back a huge debt, but not receiving the rewards for the natural resources that are rightfully theirs. Finland and Iceland care a lot about their people and their education. They are also concerned with how they are viewed by the nation. Corruption and the lack of integrity would embarrass these countries beyond repair.
Ethical culture is used to describe the section of corporate culture that captures the principles and rules that an organization can say what appropriate behavior is. The goal of ethical culture is to try and minimize the need to enforce compliance or rules and maximize principles that contribute to ethical reasoning. “Business ethics will likely emerge differently in every region where it is cultivated. In Western Europe, programs have tended to concentrate on corporate and social responsibility. In regions with high levels of corruption – like Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe – business ethics efforts have been distilled into programs designed to combat corruption. The field of business ethics is vast and one that is still quite young.
As we move forward, we are apt to see the field grow and, at times, evolve – engendering many different types of programs and initiatives. ” (International Business Ethics Institute. Ethics Programs in other Regions) A major ethical problem that least ethical countries face is bribery. “Bribery and backhanders are endemic in more than 70 countries, says Transparency International, which uses data from ten independent institutions, including the World Economic Forum and the UN, to compile its annual rankings. ” (Times Online. Chad, Bangladesh named the most corrupt) Honesty, fairness, and integrity are some actions that favor ethical countries. Integrity within an organization usually rests on enduring values and unwillingness to deviate from standards of behavior. At a minimum, businesses are expected to follow all applicable laws and regulations. In addition, organizations should not knowingly harm customers, clients, employees, or even other competitors through deception, misrepresentation, or coercion. Although businesspeople often act in their own economic self-interest, ethical business relations should be grounded on honesty, integrity, fairness, justice, and trust. (Ferrell Fraedrich Ferrell. Business Ethics. Ethical Decision Making and Cases, pg. 63) “Congress passed the International Anticorruption and Good Governance Act of 2000 (IAGGA) on October 5, 2000, which was signed into law as part of Public Law 106-309 on October 17, 2000.
The purpose of the IAGGA is “to ensure that United States assistance programs promote good governance by assisting other countries to combat corruption throughout society and to improve transparency and accountability at all levels of government and throughout the private sector,” (IAGGA, §202(b)). The IAGGA amended the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, adding to the list of major goals for United States foreign development policy “the promotion of good governance through combating corruption and improving transparency and accountability” (IAGGA, §203). The law also authorizes the President to establish programs “that combat corruption, improve transparency and accountability, and promote other forms of good governance” in countries where the United States has either a significant economic interest or provides significant foreign assistance, and where problems of corruption are most persistent (IAGGA, §205). ”(U. S.
Department of State. Fourth Report to Congress to the International AntiCorruption and Good Governance Law 106-309) The way to lessen corruption is to try and get rid of it once and for all. The only way to do this is to find the root of the cause. Before programs can be put into place to fight corruption, you have to know more about the nature, characteristics, and patterns of corruption. “The United States, who has the biggest economy, was ranked number fifteen on the least corruption list according to the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index of 2005. ”( Ferrell Fraedrich Ferrell. Business Ethics. Ethical Decision Making and Cases, pg. 63) Unlike Bangladesh and Chad, “the United States has been the frontrunner in the multinational effort to end bribery and corruption within the international business practices. This campaign has been supported by the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and other multilateral organizations and institutions. ” (U. S. Department of State. Corruption and Bribery)
Like Finland and Iceland, the United States does not condone corruption. These three countries know that corruption can have its effects on politics, the administration, and the institutions. These countries understand that corruption undermines the good governance. Corruption in elections and in legislative bodies reduces accountability and distorts representation in policymaking; corruption in the judiciary compromises the rule of law; and corruption in public administration results in the unfair provision of services. ” (American Revolution of the 21st Century. Political Corruption? ) In some countries, corruption is a way of life. In other countries, being upstanding and having integrity is important. To promote and strengthen countries, the governmental officials need to detect, punish, and wipe out corruption. This can be done by instilling and teaching about having integrity and personal values. Being accountable for all actions is a way of taking responsibility. Corruption can differ from country to country. The results all are the same.