Topic: “The effect of cell phone use on need for affiliation. ” Hypothesis: Teenagers who use cell phones, use them to feel that they are affiliated with their social groups at all times. These teenagers use their cell phones as a convenient way to fulfill their need for affiliation, therefore taking the place of acquainting in person. Experimental Design: An experiment to prove my hypothesis could be to evaluate a control group and experimental group based on how many times they hang out with their respective social groups.
Group A is the control group that would consist of five eighteen year olds that are daily cell phone users. Group B is the experimental group that would also consist of five eighteen year olds that are daily cell phone users. However, the experimental group will give up their cell phones for a month. The age restriction of eighteen is based on how teenagers use cell phones most frequently out of any age group. This experiment will take place over a month and will be recorded by the amount of times each participant acquaints with their social group. This T-Test can be recorded by the observation of participants.
The independent variables for my experiment are the cell phones and the dependent variables are the amount of times the participants are acquainting with their social groups. Experimental Research Question: Does a group of eighteen year old cell phone users that surrender their cell phones for a month, have the same need for affiliation as a group who keep using their phone for the same period of time? Statistical Analysis: A T-Test will be implemented to analyze the change in socializing after the keeping or surrendering of a cell phone for a month.
Correlational Design: For a correlational experiment I will be looking at the different amount of social time spent with friends, comparing daily cell phone users and non-cell phone users. For this I will gather ten teenagers, five daily cell phone users and five non-cell phone users; all eighteen years of age. I will interview each participant to see how much of a need for affiliation the cell phone users have, and how much of a need of affiliation the non-cell phone users have.
I will try to determine if the non-cell phone users find alternate ways of maintaining their affiliations, indicating a strong need. I will compare their need for affiliation to if they are a cell-phone user or not. Correlational Research Question: Do cell phone users have a greater need for affiliation over non-cell phone users? Statistical Analysis: An R-Test will be implemented to analyze the need for affiliation in relation between cell phone and non-cell phone users.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Experimental: An advantage of experimental design will be that you are able to determine the cause and effect of the study. A disadvantage of this design is that there is a possibility that the participants have been through this type of experimental study before. Advantages and Disadvantages of Correlational: An advantage of my correlational design is that it is a successful way to study the data that I desire without observation. A disadvantage is that the results are based on what the participants say rather than what they actually, and truthfully, do.