Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious styles from the foundation of Islam to the present day, influencing the design and construction of buildings and structures in Islamic culture. The principal Islamic architectural types are: the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace and the Fort. From these four types, the vocabulary of Islamic architecture is derived and used for buildings of lesser importance such as public baths, fountains and domestic architecture. * 3. 1 Persian style * 3. 2 Azerbaijani architecture * 3. 3 Turkistan (Timurid) architecture * 3. 4 Ottoman architecture * 3. 5 Indo-Islamic architecture * 3. Sino-Islamic architecture * 3. 7 Indonesian-Malay architecture * 3. 8 Sahelian-Islamic architecture * 3. 9 Somali-Islamic architecture Specifically recognizable Islamic architectural style emerged soon after Muhammad’s time, inspired by Islam with addition of localized adaptations of the former Sassanid and Byzantine models, the Germanic Visigoths in Spain also made a big contribution to Islamic architecture. They invented the Horseshoe arch in Spain and used them as one of their main architectural features, After the Moorish invasion of Spain in 711 AD the form was taken by the Umayyads who accentuated the curvature of the horseshoe. 3] The Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhrah) in Jerusalem (691) is one of the most important buildings in all of Islamic architecture, marked by a strong Byzantine influence (mosaic against a gold background, and a central plan that resembles that of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, although the church itself was renovated several times in the Islamic period), but already bearing purely Islamic elements, such as the great epigraphic frieze.
It featured interior vaulted spaces, a circular dome, and the use of stylized repeating decorative arabesque patterns. The desert palaces in Jordan and Syria (for example, Mshatta, Qasr Amra, and Khirbat al-Mafjar) served the caliphs as living quarters, reception halls, and baths, and were decorated to promote an image of royal luxury. The interior side view of the main dome of Selimiye Mosque in Edirne, Turkey. Si-yo-se-pol, Isfahan, Iran Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious