Language as a tool and language as a reality
Language, as a system of acquiring and using complex structures of communication, is distinguished between two components in theory of knowledge; language as a tool and language as reality. There are several manners in which language is used as a tool and in which aids cognition; one is memory augmentation, in which language allows the environment as an extra-cranial memory store such as physical materials capable of systematically storing large and complex quantities of information, for example artifactual texts. Secondly, environmental simplification; which is linguistic labels used to simplify the human environment. These labels, once learned reduce the cognitive effort involved in everyday activities such as names of physical objects in our surroundings. The third method of language used as a tool is Co-ordination and the Reduction of on-line deliberation. Language in this fashion allows clear plan coordination of actions. Words allow more efficient organisation and reduced memory load of complex representation. An example of this is instructions for an activity one carries out. Another method includes the avoidance of path dependence, which is a function of cognition that is strongly dependent on your brain systems previous experience. Language, through the possibility of communication, allows difficulty to make experience of a successful individual available to others avoidable. Language in a way allows problem solving to become a communal and cumulative activity. Lastly, the mangrove effect, as a tool of language is responsible for a complex of distinctive features of human thought which contributes to self-evaluation, self-criticism, and counteractive responses.
1 Language as a tool facilitates many areas of knowledge. Memory augmentation and avoidance of path dependence plays an important role in human sciences such as history; which allows for storing historical information and previous world proficiencies. Whereas co-ordination and the reduction of on-line deliberation is imperative for experimental sciences where linguistic organization is essential. Quintessentially, language is seen as a developed, and more sophisticated cognitive system than the basic system within other animal species. Though, language could also be considered more than a tool of communication. The word ‘language’ is derived from the Latin logos, which means category or concept. With language we categorise, and create the universe. When we attempt to imagine the world around us, we perceive the world to be made up of objects such as trees, and people, and so on. It is famous Nobel Prize winning physicist Werner Heisenberg who said; “what we are observing is not nature itself, but nature exposed to our method of questioning. And how do we question? All of our methods of interrogating nature depend on language—and it is the very nature of language to refer to things. We therefore think in terms of things. In our very forms of thought we instinctively divide the world into subjects and objects, thinkers and things, mind and matter. This division seems so natural that it has been presumed a basic maxim of objective science.”
2 Indirectly, language as a reality coincides with the arts. Since we perceive the world as things divided into subjects and object, according to Heisenberg, I can conclude that artists perceive the world as the unity of shapes that create a greater context or picture; ultimately they deliberate individual subjects and objects and create one body of single objects. Whereas non-artists focused on objects and subjects individually. 3 Ultimately, both language as a tool and language as a reality play an important role in the nature of people. Language as a tool, some can agree, is significantly related to language as a reality and vice versa.