Assess this claim with reference to any named Caribbean country. (25 marks) Population Control speaks to a government policy attempting to limit the growth in numbers of a population especially in poor or densely populated parts of the world by programmes of contraception or sterilization. In reaction to the prediction by clergyman, Thomas Malthus that the world’s population would soon outgrow its food supply, a movement began in the early twentieth century to limit the number of births and therefore limit the growth of the world’s population.
The movement is supported by groups such as the International Planned Parenthood Federation. A number of countries have made population control a national policy to varying extents the methods of population control include family planning, birth control, contraception and abortion. Most Caribbean countries are characterized by low living standards, large scale unemployment and underemployment, low levels of productivity and not to mention high population growth rates.
Population Control Policies are based on the premise that improvement in people’s lives must be achieved through reduction in the role of population growth. The top five most developed Caribbean countries are Barbados, Cuba, Trinidad and Tobago, Antigua and Barbuda and St. Kitts and Nevis respectively. Statistics showed are based on their individual human development index which is a compilation of life expectancy, education and income indices.
Jamaica as indicated by this top five listing has a human development index of 0. 771 were the annual rate of population growth has been relatively stable since roughly the end of world war 1 between 1881 and 1921 emigration and disease caused the rate of population growth to fall to very low levels. In Jamaica 1983, the Jamaican parliament adopted the national population policy which was developed by the population policy task force under the authority of the ministry of health.
The objectives of the policy were to achieve a population not in excess of 3 million by the year 2000 to promote health and increase the life expectancy of the population to create employment opportunities and reduce unemployment, underemployment and emigration to provide access to family planning for all Jamaicans and reduce the average number of children per family from four to two as advocated on birth control wrappers “two is better than too many” thus reducing replacement fertility levels.
However there are Caribbean countries such as Guyana that is under-populated whereby their populated statistics indicate over some 750,000 people occupying the island while majority of it is covered by bushes. The country of Guyana could proves the statement wrong as population control would not be a solution when tackling the development of the country seeing that Guyana is considered to be a part of the Caribbean.